Pet Sitting and Quality Birman Cats

 Birman standards/colours


 The birman breed standard varies slightly between different registeries throughout the world The main difference center on the nose profile and the emphasis given to the signature of the breed the white gloves, gauntlets  (or laces depending on the organisation) and the colours accepted. 

Colours of birmans currently accepted for registration in different organisations

Y indicates a colour is accepted, N that a colour is not accepted.









































Tabby (lynx)
















So you can see from the table that all registries accept seal, blue, choc and lilac. Only the Cat Fanciers Association (USA) doesn’t accept the red series and tabby (Lynx) birmans. Several registries accept silver and cinnamon. 1 registration body (New Zealand Cat Federation) also accepts apricot/caramel coloured birmans. The apricot/caramel gene modifies the dilution gene to produce a metallic sheen to the coat.

TICA requires a 'roman nose' and a definate dip in profile. In contrast the GCCF require a 'slight dip' in profile and cats are often faulted for the 'nose bump' that TICA judges carefully look for! In additon in GCCF torties are required to have an intermingling of colours on every point, (face, each leg, ear, tail) there is no such requirement in TICA or FIFe, thus a cat with a completely seal or red leg  (if a seal tortie) would certainly be disqualified in a GCCF show but could do very well under TICA or FIFe.

 NOTE: Please check with the organisation concerned about its current breed standard, those listed below are correct to the best of my knowledge but changes can (and are) made at any time.

TICA breed standard   

GENERAL DESCRIPTION: The Sacred Cat of Burma (Birman) is a semi-longhaired pointed cat with white feet. He is imposing in appearance, medium to large in stature, with heavy boning in proportion to size. Females are appreciably smaller than males. The Birman is to be healthy, muscular, and in good balance. The coat has a tendency not to mat or tangle. The Birman is accepted in all pointed colors with distinctive white gloves and laces.

HEAD . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 35 points

Shape . . . . . . . . . . . . 5

Ears . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5

Eyes .. . . . . . . . . . . 5

Chin . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5

Muzzle . . . . . . . . . . . 5

Nose . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5

Profile . . . . . . . . . . . . 5

BODY . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 25 points

Torso . . . . . . . . . . . . 5

Legs . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5

Feet . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5

Boning . . . . . . . . . . . 5

Musculature . . . . . . . 5

COAT/COLOR/PATTERN . . . 30 points

Length . . . . . . . . . . . 5

Texture . . . . . . . . . . 5

Pattern . . . . . . . . . . 10

Color . . . . . . . . . . . . 10

OTHER . . . . . . . . . . . . .10 points

Balance . . . . . . . . . . 5

Condition . . . . . . . . . 5


Shape: The head is strong, broad, and rounded from frontal view; slightly longer than wide in profile. Cheeks are full.

Ears: The ears are almost as wide at the base as they are tall. They should be open at the base, have a slightly rounded tip, and be medium in size, and placed moderately far apart with furnishings.

Eyes: The eyes are medium to large, moderately rounded, and set fairly wide apart. They are blue in color, the deeper the better.

Chin: The chin has good depth, forming a perpendicular line with upper lip.

Muzzle: The muzzle has medium length, with enough width to prevent a pinched look.

Nose: The nose is medium in length and is roman in shape with nostrils set low.

Profile: The forehead is sloped back with a slight transverse flat spot in the middle of the forehead just above the eye ridge. There is a change of direction between the forehead and the roman nose.


Torso: The Birman is a full-bodied,medium long, sturdy cat with a level back.The overall size is medium to large. The neck is strong and well-muscled, thicker on breeding males. In all respects, males are generally larger than females.

Legs: The legs are medium in length,heavily boned, well- muscled, and in good proportion to the body.

Feet: The feet are large, rounded, and firm.

Tail: The tail is full and in good proportion to the body.

Musculature: Firm and strong.


Length: Semi-long to long.

Texture: Silky with no undercoat.

Miscellaneous: Heavy ruff is desirable, especially in males. Fur can be slightly curly on the stomach. Seasonal changes should be considered when judging coat length.

PATTERN: Gloves and Laces: All Birmans should have white feet. Front paws have white gloves, preferably ending in an even line across paws at third joint (where toes meet paws). The back paws have white gloves covering the front of each paw, extending up the back of the legs ending in a point approximately half way up the hock ("laces"). Evenly matched gloves and laces give a more balanced look, but variations are allowed. The paw pads may be all pink or spotted with color the same as the points. Gloves and Laces are weighted equally in evaluation. Although the Gloves and Laces are important aspects of the Birman, they are secondary to conformation.

Coat color and point color are weighted equally in evaluation.


Balance: The Birman is a well-balanced cat, not extreme in any way.

Condition: The Birman should be in top health condition, with a clean, well-groomed coat and body.

ALLOWANCES: Age may produce shading or darkening of the coat color, which is acceptable. Freckling on the lip and/or ear areas in the Red Factor points is allowed.

 Paw pads spotted with color is allowed.


PENALIZE: Areas of white extending above the level of the dew pad on the rear of the front leg, lack of one or both laces, free spots of point color in gloves or laces (excluding the paw pads).

WITHHOLD ALL AWARDS (WW): Lack of any white on any foot, and free areas of white in the mask, ears, or tail.

Temperament must be unchallenging; any sign of definite challenge shall disqualify. The cat may exhibit fear, seek to flee, or generally complain aloud but may not threaten to harm.


GCCF Breed standard


Head: Skull strong, broad and rounded. Nose medium in length (no ‘stop’ but with slight dip in profile). Cheeks full and round tapering to a strong, well developed muzzle. Chin full and well developed.

Ears: Medium in size and spaced well apart.

Eyes: Almost round but not bold. Blue in colour, the deeper the blue the better.

Body: Long and large, well boned and of good substance for age.

Legs and Paws: Legs of medium length and thick-set, paws short and strong.

Tail: Bushy, and in proportion to the body.

Coat & Condition: Coat long, silken in texture, full ruff around the neck, slightly curled on stomach. Eyes bright and temperament good.

Colour: The distinguishing colours of the Birman are those of the Siamese. Mask, ears, legs and tail dense and clearly defined (except in kittens). On reaching maturity, the mask covers the entire face including whisker pads and is connected to the ears by tracings.

The white feet are characteristic of the Birman:

Front Paws: Have pure white symmetrical gloves ending in an even line across the paw and not passing beyond the angle formed by the paw and leg, and not passing the stopper pad just behind the leg. Colour of the paw pads irrelevant.

Back Paws: Have pure white socks covering the entire paw and gauntlets tapering up the back of the leg to finish just below the point of the hock. Colour of the paw pads irrelevant.


Head and ears 20

Eyes 15

Body, Legs & paws 20

Gloves & Gauntlets 20

Tail 5

Colour and Condition of Coat 20

FIFe standard

 General:Medium in size

Head: Shape- strong bone.

Forehead:slightly rounded. 

 Cheeks: Full somewhat rounded.

Nose medium length without stop, slight indentation.


Ears: Rather small, with rounded tips

Eyes: not quite round, slighlty oval deep blue in colour.

Body: slightly long, with males more massie than females.

Legs: short and strong, rounded paws.

Gloves: The special feature of the Sacred Birman is the white feet, called gloves on both the front and hind feet. These gloves must be absolutely pure white. They should stop at the articulation or at the transition of toes to metacarpels, over which they should not extend. Slightly longer white gloved on the hind feet can be tolerated. On the back of the hind feet the white gloves should end in points. The ideal 'guantlets' end in inverted 'v's'' ad extend 1/2 to 3/4 of the way up the hock.Lower or higher guantlets are acceptable but should not go beyond the hock. It is important that the gloves are equally long and show symmetry of white, on either of the front or back feet, or een better on all 4 feet.

Tail: of medium length, forming a plume

Coat: Long to semi-long, shorter on the face, gradually growing longer on the cheeks to a full frill, long on the back and flanks. Silky texture, little undercoat.

Faults: Pure white or coloured patches on the chest or belly.

 Witholding faults: incomplete pigmented nose leather, creeping up of white on the feet (runners), absence of guantlets on hind feet. White patches in the coloured areas or the reverse, white patch on genitals.

Scale of points

Head: 20pts

eyes: 5 pts

Body: 20pts

Tail: 10pts

coat: colour + points 10 pts   Quality, texture +length 10pts

gloves:  front 5pts, rear 5pts guantlets 5 pts, symmetry of gloves+guantlets 5 pts.

Condition: 5pts.